By A Candid Observer
This particular segment dealing with statistics was derived from listening to the Prime Minister of SVG (Dr. Ralph Gonsalves) speak on the show “Round Table Talk” with host Ms. Theresa Daniel, episode 37 and also at the public swearing in of the Ministers and Senators in Heritage Square.
Below are the relevant links for one’s attention:
News784, https://news784.com/local-news/ndp-now-holds-wafer-thin-majority/, Published Nov 10, 2020
IWitness News, https://www.iwnsvg.com/2020/11/11/maybe-4000-ulp-supporters-didnt-vote-gonsalves/, Published Nov 11, 2020
When I listened to the PM speak; various things stood out. However; what I found most interesting and intriguing was the level of statistical sophistry by our Prime Minister (PM). He used accurate figures but in an isolated manner, with the likely intent to embolden his supporters; and maybe himself. It seems somewhat paradoxical that a figure can be both accurate and misleading but that is the nature of figures and statistics (collection and analysis of figures). He also made a mystifying claim that more than 3,000 ULP supporters stayed away from the polls; without reference to any political census to back up such a claim. These statistical utterances, by our PM, are the genesis for this article.
First and foremost, the ULP won the elections based on our First Past the Post voting system. Seats win the election. Case closed, problem solved, matter-fixed! There maybe a case for a change to proportional representation or a hybrid of sorts but that is not the scope of today’s piece. I would like to take a comparative look at the statistics of 2015 versus 2020; then I would make some deductions that would NOT be inaccurate or misleading.
For the 2015 figures I sourced the information from the informative Caribbean Elections website (http://www.caribbeanelections.com/vc/elections/vc_results_2015.asp).
For the 2020 figures, I sourced the information from the user friendly Electoral Office website (http://election.gov.vc/election/views2020/index.php).
Tables will be created to aid understanding and to highlight the importance of comparative analysis.
Some terms will also be abbreviated in order to reduce the potentially cumbersome look the table may take on if the terms are not shortened. They are as follows:
Total Registered Voters – TRV
Total Votes Cast – TVC
Total Valid Votes Cast – TVVC
|Total Registered Voters 2015||Total Registered Voters 2020||Difference of TRV (2020minus 2015)||Total Votes Cast 2015||Total Votes Cast 2020||Difference in TVC (2020minus 2015)|
What can we deduce from this first table?
- There was an increase of 8592 registered voters in 2020. However; this did not translate to an increase in the number of votes which were cast. The total votes which were cast in 2020 is alarmingly similar to that of 2015. 2020 saw 17 less votes being cast when compared to 2015.
So, we have a similar number of votes being cast in 2020 as in 2015. The next question is, how were those votes cast? What can we see or identify between the 2015 and 2020 elections? What jumps out? Table 2 and it’s deductions will answer those questions.
|Total Valid Votes Cast (TVVC) 2015||TVVC 2015 as a %||Total Valid Votes Cast 2020||TVVC 2020 as a %||Difference between TVVC (2020 minus2015)|
Deductions from Table 2:
- The NDP had an increase in total of 1,872 voter support from 2015-2020. ULP saw a decrease of 1,831 in voter support from 2015-2020. The strikingly similar figures may indicate that persons stopped supporting ULP and supported the NDP; or it may be that these ULP supporters did not vote at all while NDP was able to increase their tally from newly registered voters.
- The NDP gained increased votes in 14 of the 15 seats with the exception of Central Leeward. The ULP lost votes in 12 of the 15 seats barring Central Leeward, East Kingstown (which may surprise some) and the hotly contested North Leeward seat.
- The 0.74% increase in total votes (484), for the NDP over the ULP, is a small figure (just like the margin of victory for Minister Carlos James and Deputy PM Montgomery Daniel). However; statistics reveal that the popular vote of 3,219 in 2015 for the ULP was erased; and NDP was able to gain the popular vote of almost 500. That is no easy task.
The rhetoric being circulated that 3,000 – 5,000 supporters (of any 1 party) did not vote cannot be currently verified or satisfied unless an impartial and accredited poll was conducted. The only way to know who stayed home is for a political census to be done and to find out who they would have voted for; NOT WHO THEY VOTED FOR BEFORE. This is important as persons like Audrey Gilkes, Ernesto Cooke, Frank Da Silva, Kirk DaSilva and Minerva Glasgow can testify, as living witnesses, to party swapping/hopping (which is not wrong once reasons are not selfish, but that is a subjective issue).
Votes fluctuate as can be seen when there is a change or precursor to change in Government. Other than a political census, the claim that 3000 – 5000 supporters of any 1 party stayed home is just reasoned rhetoric to appease supporters of one’s party. If total votes cast were almost identical between 2015 and 2020; how can anyone know that 3,000 – 5,000 of their supporters did not show up? This is mere political rhetoric without statistics to support such an assertion.
So, what about the fact that the ULP has almost 2000 mainland support compared to the NDP? Let us look at the penultimate table (Table 3) and see what deductions we can arrive at.
Total Mainland Support – TMS
|Total Mainland Support (TMS) 2015||TMS 2020||Difference in TMS (2020 minus 2015)|
Deductions from Table 3:
- The mainland support is indeed 1,770 more for the ULP than the NDP. However, a comparative look shows that in 2015 it was 4,954 more on mainland as opposed to 1,770 now. There was a 64.27% decrease in the difference then (4,954) to the difference now (1,770).
This is as a result of a decrease in popular support for the ULP and an increase for the NDP. Figures without historical context only represent part of a portrait. It does not paint a total picture. It is akin to eating roasted breadfruit without jackfish. The breadfruit by itself is nice and good; but it is not as tasty, complete and filling without the jackfish. They compliment each other. Current figures coupled with historical figures paint a more ideal and better picture of the political environment and swing.
If the ULP does not re-capture or gain new supporters, it will be very difficult for them to hold onto the reigns of power. The NDP on the other hand must not be complacent, as the PM is a political savant who would not allow his ship to sink without availing himself of every option to save it. The Government needs to work harder to hear the cries of the people and meet them (Carlos James and Curtis King have already started); while the opposition must continue to highlight the Government’s inefficiencies, give credit where it is due and hear the cries of the people with a promise to meet them; if elected into power.
This last table will show the spread of support for both sides based on the proximity and title of the constituencies; for example, North and South Windward would comprise of North and South Windward, and North and South Central Windward. I have grouped them into 6 constituencies which will be seen in the final table (Table 4).
|Constituency||ULP votes 2020||NDP votes 2020||% Increase over the other party 2015||% Increase over the other party 2020|
|North and South Windward***||10,023||7,521||58.17 for ULP||33.27 for ULP|
|Marriaqua||2,441||2,088||40.06 for ULP||16.91 for ULP|
|East & West St George||5,449||4,895||25.58 for ULP||11.32 for ULP|
|Central, East & West Kingstown||6,052||7,690||17.34 for NDP||27.07 for NDP|
|Central, North & South Leeward||7,427||7,428||2.55 for ULP||.01 for NDP|
|Northern & Southern Grenadines||1,023||3,277||132.54 for NDP||220.33 for NDP|
Deductions from Table 4:
- I will leave the reader to make their own deductions, on this table, based on the statistics provided thus far.
***It is also interesting to note that if we take away the totals from the PM’s constituency for both parties, the Windward figures are 6,632 to NDP and 7,153 to the ULP (a % increase of 7.86 compared to 33.27 in favor of the ULP in 2020). Pretty interesting.
The statistics of this elections clearly shows a swing to the NDP and a swing away from the ULP. However, the ULP had so much reserves in the bank that a significant loss in profits could not derail the entity, this time. Will this political entity still be afloat come 2025, will they re-brand their campaign strategy and re-take what was siphoned off? Only time will tell and remember numbers don’t lie, but politicians can use statistical sophistry to mislead the general populace – especially their own supporters.
Stay tuned for Politics and the Public Service Union; and Inclusiveness and the Unity Labour Party – Is it a Myth?